Download in electronic PDF format for $25

Kalchem International - Chemicals and Compounding Supplies

Search the Complete Journal Archives

Pharmaceutical Compounding in Portuguese Community Pharmacies: Characterization and Future Perspectives

Author(s):  Palmeira-de-Oliveira Rita,Macedo Marina,Machado Rita M,Pacheco Ana Filipa,Palmeira-de-Oliveira Ana,Martinez-de-Oliveira José,Duarte Paulo

Issue:  Mar/Apr 2016 - Volume 20, Number 2
View All Articles in Issue

Abstract:  A study of compounding practices among Portuguese community pharmacies from 2008 to 2011 and pharmacists’ perspectives concerning compounding was conducted. The retrospective study was based on an online questionnaire developed to gather information on pharmacies characteristics, frequency, and type of compounded preparations. Additionally, difficulties, motivations, and pharmacist’s perspectives regarding compounding were assessed. Up to 1,450 Portuguese pharmacies were contacted, and 250 completed questionnaires obtained. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS Version 21. Frequency and cross-tab analysis was used to describe data. Chi-square test was used to assess statistical significant differences between compounding and noncompounding pharmacies’ characteristics. Among all pharmacies, 75.2% reported compounding practices, although the majority prepared less than 50 preparations per year, corresponding to less than 10 different formulations. Those pharmacies’ with a higher lifetime activity, number of customers, and team members were associated to compounding practices. Dermatological preparations were the most frequently prepared formulations, followed by oral solutions, and otorhinolaryngological preparations. Dermatologists and pediatricians were the most frequent prescribers of compounded medicines. Regarding future perspectives, 51.4% of pharmacists believed that compounding will decrease. However, 79.1% indicated that they will continue to compound, and 70.7% considered that compounded prescriptions should be encouraged. Patient satisfaction (66.1%) and improvement of the pharmacy image (63.8%) were considered the main advantages of compounding services. Compounded medicines are still prepared in the community pharmacy setting to fulfill special patients’ therapeutic needs, especially following dermatologists’ and pediatricians’ prescriptions. Offering compounding services is perceived by pharmacists as an important factor for high-quality pharmacy service and patient satisfaction.

Related Keywords: Rita Palmeira-de-Oliveira, PhD, Marina Macedo, MSc, Rita M. Machado, MSc, Ana Filipa Pacheco, MSc, Ana Palmeira-de-Oliveira, PhD, José Martinez-de-Oliveira, PhD, Paulo Duarte, PhD, Portugal, pharmacist survey, questionnaire, community pharmacies, pharmacy practice, dosage forms


Printer-Friendly Version

Related Articles from IJPC
Title (Click for Abstract / Details) Author Issue Page View/Buy
Pharmaceutical Compounding in Portuguese Community Pharmacies: Characterization and Future Perspectives Palmeira-de-Oliveira Rita, Macedo Marina, Machado Rita M, Pacheco Ana Filipa, Palmeira-de-Oliveira Ana, Martinez-de-Oliveira José, Duarte Paulo Mar/Apr 2016 114-122 Buy
Stability of Alprazolam, Atropine Sulfate, Glutamine, Levofloxacin, Metoprolol Tartrate, Nitrofurantoin, Ondansetron Hydrochloride, Oxandrolone, Pregabaline, and Riboflavin in SyrSpend SF pH4 Oral Suspensions de Oliveira Ferreira Anderson, Polonini Hudson C, Loures da Silva Sharlene, Cerqueira de Melo Victor Augusto, de Andrade Laura, Fernandes Brandão Marcos Antônio May/Jun 2017 255-263 Buy
Antimicrobial Activity of Copaiba (Copaifera officinalis) and Pracaxi (Pentaclethra macroloba) Oils against Staphylococcus aureus: Importance in Compounding for Wound Care Guimarães Anna Luísa Aguiar, Cunha Elisa Alves, Matias Fernanda Oliveira, Garcia Patrícia Guedes, Danopoulos Panagiota, Swikidisa Rosita, Pinheiro Vanessa Alves, Nogueira Rodrigo José Lupatini Jan/Feb 2016 58-62 Buy
Pharmaceutical Development of Enteric-Release Hard Gelatin Capsules in the Compounding Setting de Oliveira Ferreira Anderson, Holandino Carla Mar/Apr 2008 163-169 Buy
PostScription: The Compounding Pharmacy in Brazil: A Pharmacist's Perspective Guedes de Souza Hugo, do Carmo Garcez Maria, Pinheiro Vanessa A Jan/Feb 2009 87-88 Buy
Setting Up a National System of Compounding Pharmacies: Preventing Error, Assuring Quality, Building Trust Guedes de Souza Hugo, Favaro Alvaro Jr, Andrade Alba Livia, Gomes Lenir Yago, de Souza Aguiar Simone, do Carmo Garcez Maria Nov/Dec 2009 532-536 Buy
Physical and Chemical Stability of Urapidil in 0.9% Sodium Chloride in Elastomeric Infusion Pump Tomasello Cristina, Leggieri Anna, Rabbia Franco, Veglio Franco, Baietto Lorena, Fulcheri Chiara, De Nicolò Amedeo, De Perri Giovanni, D'Avolio Antonio Jul/Aug 2016 343-346 Buy
Stability of Acetazolamide, Baclofen, Dipyridamole, Mebeverine Hydrochloride, Propylthiouracil, Quinidine Sulfate, and Topiramate Oral Suspensions in SyrSpend SF PH4 de Oliveira Ferreira Anderson, Polonini Hudson, Loures da Silva Sharlene, Buzinari Aglio Natália Cristina, Abreu Jordana, Fernandes Brandão Marcos Antônio Jul/Aug 2017 339-346 Buy
PostScription: Setting up a National System of Compounding Pharmacies: An Introduction Guedes de Souza Hugo, Favaro Alvaro Jr, Andrade Alba Livia, Gomes Lenir Yago, de Souza Aguiar Simone, do Carmo Garcez Maria Sep/Oct 2009 447 Buy
Rapid-Dissolve Technology: An Interview With Loyd V. Allen, Jr., PhD, RPh Allen Loyd V Jr Nov/Dec 2003 449-450 Buy