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Long-term Stability of Morphine Hydrochloride in 0.9% NaCl Infusion Polyolefin Bags After Freeze-thaw Treatment and in Polypropylene Syringes at 5°C ± 3°C

Author(s):  Hecq J-D,Godet M,Gillet P,Jamart J,Galanti L

Issue:  Jan/Feb 2014 - Volume 18, Number 1
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Abstract:  The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term stability of morphine hydrochloride in 0.9% NaCl infusion polyolefin bags and polypropylene syringes after storage at 5°C ± 3°C and to evaluate the influence of initial freezing and microwave thawing on this stability. Ten polyolefin bags and five polypropylene syringes containing 100 mL of 1 mg/mL of morphine hydrochloride solution in 0.9% NaCl were prepared under aseptic conditions. Five polyolefin bags were frozen at -20°C for 90 days before storage. Immediately after the preparation and after thawing, 2 mL of each bag were withdrawn for the initial concentration measurements. All polyolefin bags and polypropylene syringes were then refrigerated at 5°C ± 3°C for 58 days during which the morphine concentrations were measured periodically by high-performance liquid chromatography using a reversed-phase column, naloxone as internal standard, a mobile phase consisting of 5% acetonitrile and 95% of KH2PO4 buffer (pH 3.50), and detection with diode array detector at 254 nm. Visual and microscopic observations and spectrophotometric and pH measurements were also performed. Solutions were considered stable if the concentration remained superior to 90% of the initial concentration. The degradation products peaks were not quantitatively significant and were resolved from the native drug. Polyolefin bag and polypropylene syringe solutions were stable when stored at 5°C ± 3°C during these 58 days. No color change or precipitation in the solutions was observed. The physical stability was confirmed by visual, microscopic, and spectrophotometric inspection. There was no significant change in pH during storage. Freezing and microwave thawing didn’t influence the infusion stability. Morphine hydrochloride infusions may be prepared in advance by centralized intravenous additive service, frozen in polyolefin bags, and microwave thawed before storage under refrigeration until 58 days either in polyolefin bags or polypropylene syringes. Such treatment could improve safety and management.

Related Keywords: J.-D. Hecq, PharmD, PhD, M. Godet, BSc, PhD, P. Gillet, PharmD, J. Jamart, MD, L. Galanti, MD, PhD, morphine hydrochloride, long-term stability, polyolefin bags, polypropylene syringes, storage temperature

Related Categories: PACKAGING, PAIN MANAGEMENT, PEER-REVIEWED, STABILITIES, COMPATIBILITIES, STORAGE

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