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Psychotropic Medications in the Treatment of Feline Urine Spraying

Author(s):  Simpson Barbara Sherman, Vail Jane

Issue:  Jan/Feb 2007 - Pediatric Patients
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Abstract:  Urine spraying (urine marking) is one of the most prevalent feline behavior disorders and a common reason for veterinarian consultation. Although urine spraying is a normal feline communication signal, it is unacceptable behavior for house cats, and, if untreated, can lead to relinquishment, relegation outside, or even euthanasia. Urine spraying is associated with a medical disorder in up to 25% of cats that present for treatment; hence all cats that spray should undergo clinical examination by a veterinarian to rule out physical causes before a psychogenic cause can be presumed. Behavioral treatment involves litter box management and medication. A variety of psychotropic medications have proven safe and effective for the long-term treatment of psychogenic feline urine spraying, but only if they are prescribed appropriately, monitored judiciously, and coupled therapeutically with environmental management. The goal of such therapy is to reduce the incidence of urine marking to a level acceptable to the owner. Compounding pharmacists perform an essential function in modifying doses of manufactured anxiolytic and antidepressant medications for use in cats whose spraying is psychogenic in origin. In this article, the case is reported of a cat successfully treated with psychotropic medication to reduce the incidence of urine marking, and medications compounded for that purpose are briefly reviewed. The role of the compounding pharmacist in ensuring the success of treatment is also discussed.

Related Keywords: AMITRIPTYLINE, CATS, FELINE URINE SPRAYING, URINE MARKING, BEHAVIOR DISORDERS, FLUOXETINE, CLOMIPRAMINE, SSRI, TRICYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANTS, FORMULATIONS

Related Categories: FORMULATIONS, MENTAL HEALTH, VETERINARY, CASE REPORTS, UROLOGY/URINARY TRACT

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